Deep vein thrombosis, commonly referred as DVT is a dangerous condition that is characterized by the formation of blood clots in one or more the body’s deep veins. It commonly occurs in the deep vein running through muscles of the thigh and calf. The result of DVT is swelling and sharp pain and at times can result in pulmonary embolism (breaking away of a section of the blood clot and blocking of lung blood vessels). To prevent this problem from affecting you, it is important to understand the main causes.
Extended levels of inactivity
When you are inactive for long periods, blood accumulates in the lower sections of the body, primarily the legs. This can increase the probability of some blood clotting in the veins. Common causes of such extended inactivity include prolonged hospital stays, recovery periods after surgery and even driving. To address the problem, it is prudent to schedule some intermittent activity that can help pump blood to other parts of the body. When relaxing, you can try lying down as opposed to sitting or standing with legs grounded.
Damage to blood vessels
If the lining of blood vessels are damaged, they can get blocked or narrow down resulting in clots. Such damage on the blood vessels can be as a result of intensive muscle or bone damage. During surgery, blood vessels can also get damaged causing the formation of blood clots.
Generic and medical conditions
For people with conditions that make clotting easy, the risk of suffering from DVT is very high. These conditions include:
Infections like hepatitis
Cardiac related diseases
Cancer and chemotherapy treatments
During pregnancy the veins of the legs and pelvis area experience heightened pressure. This problem can continue for up to 6 weeks after delivery.
Other causes of DVT include:
Hormone replacement therapy