Kidney disease which is sometimes referred to as renal failure is an ailment which is characterized by the failure of the kidneys to carry out their normal functions. This condition could be mild or severe in its manifestation. It is usually detected when there is an unusually high level of a substance known as serum cretinine in the body and the kidneys exhibit signs of decreased glomerular filtration rates. As a result of this, the body begins to encounter abnormal levels of fluid such as acids, calcium, potassium, phosphate. In the long run, kidney disease could lead to serious ailments such as heart disease. The kidneys play a role in filtering the blood and maintaining the right balance of chemicals in the body. When they fail to function well, waste products begin to build up in the body and this condition is referred to as azotaemia. . The symptoms of this disease vary according to individuals with some getting seriously sick while others managing to maintain their health.
The main symptoms include, fatigue, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, low blood pressure and memory problems. Other symptoms that are exhibited with this ailment include difficulty in sleeping, loss of appetite, unnecessary darkening of the skin. The cause of acute kidney failure is usually the abrupt interruption in supply of blood to the kidneys and as a result there is a toxic overload which affects the organs. Other causes include injuries, accidents as well as complications that arise as a result of surgery. For instance during heart by-pass, the kidneys normally receive reduced amount of blood. Overdose of certain drugs like chemotherapy and antibiotics is also a known contributor to the onset of acute kidney disease. Fortunately, the body is able to recover from acute kidney disease allowing a person to go about their business as normal. For the case of chronic kidney disease the condition has five stages with the first stage being exhibiting diminished function of the kidneys and not many symptoms are exhibited. The second and third stages require a certain level of medical support for the patients in order to slow down the effects of the illness. The fourth and fifth stages require patients to undergo a specific form of renal therapy either dialysis or a kidney transplant. The earlier the disease is recognized the better the chances of getting effective treatment and halting the increase in severity. Prevention of this illness is done reducing the blood pressure and maintaining a good level of blood sugar. Being overweight can lead to development of high blood pressure or diabetes which contributes significantly to kidney failure. Smoking tends to reduce the size of arteries which reduces the flow of blood to the kidneys therefore it is highly discouraged. Good nutrition is an important element when dealing with this ailment because a balanced diet helps keep the body functions at an optimal level. If one is afflicted with any form of kidney disease, it is important to get constant advice and treatment from a qualified physician in order to maintain good health and keep the effects of the ailment at a low.